Ebola

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Category: Content Published on Wednesday, 30 July 2014
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Institute for Public Health of RM

Sector for Control and Prevention of Infectious Diseases

What is Ebola Virus Disease?

Ebola is rare, bad disease, often lethal, caused by the virus Ebola.

 

It is transmitted through direct contact of blood and other bodily fluids (saliva, urine) from infected people, life or dead. This include and sexual contact with patience to seven weeks after they are cured. Also, the disease can be acquired through direct contact of blood and other bodily fluids from wild animals, such as monkeys, forest antelope and bats. Ebola virus is not transmitted through air as influenza virus. After two days and to the 21st day of the virus, the disease can start suddenly with fever, muscle pain, weakness, headache and sore throat.

In the following phase, the disease is characterized with vomiting, diarrhea, rash and dysfunction of liver and kidneys. Some diseased also have heavily internal and external bleeding and multi organic insufficiency.

   There is not a vaccine or special treatment for this disease.

The Risk of Infection with the Virus of Ebola and How to Prevent

Even for the residents, and people who travel in the affected areas, the risk of infection with the virus of Ebola is particularly low, except if they are not directly exposed on bodily fluids of dead or life diseased people or animals. The contact with the bodily fluid includes an unprotected sexual contact with patience to seven weeks after they are cured.

Occasional contacts on public places with people who are not diseased are not risk for getting Ebola! Ebola is not conveyed through handling with money, groceries or swimming in a pool!

The mosquitoes do not convey the Ebola virus!

The Ebola virus is easily exterminated with soap, bleach, sun light or drying. Washing in a washing machine which is infected with diseased fluids will destroy the Ebola virus. The Ebola virus will survive only short time on the surfaces which are exposed on sun or dry.

Outbreak in 2014

At the moment there is an outbreak of Ebola in Guinea and Liberia. The following information gives advices for the passengers who arrive or leave from the affected areas.

 

Advices for people who travel to Guinea and Liberia.

The risk of Ebola virus exposition is very low. The following prevention measures should eliminate the risk of diseasing:

Avoiding close contact with blood or bodily fluids uninfected or dead man and with objects which could be infected.

Avoiding  close contact with wild animals and consuming "bush meat"(meat from wild animals) in Africa and Asia.

Avoiding unprotected sexual intercourse.

Advices for people who leave Guinea and Liberia

The risk of Ebola virus exposition is very low.

Although

If you have fever, inexplicable fatigue, diarrhea or any other symptoms, few weeks after leaving in a tropical area, you should:

·         Look for medical help and tell about the trip in these areas because may be the result of infection as malaria which requires emergency exploration and treatment.

If you were directly exposed on any bodily fluids of dead or life diseased people or animals, including unprotected sexual intercourse with patience who are cured, you should:

·         Look for medical help and tell about the trip in these areas

       Contact the medical institution on the phone before you go! With aim to enable paramedics to use suitable protection at the moment of admission.

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PHI Center for Public Health - Tetovo
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